Show examples and share this background information before painting:
The “Six Principles” form the framework for Chinese Brush Painting:
1. The artist’s state of mind is mirrored in each brushstroke.
2. Good brush technique is essential and must capture the “life energy” of the subject.
3. Study your subject and avoid unnecessary brush strokes.
4. Colors used do not have to be the same as the subject but should enhance it instead.
5. Composition = 1/3 form, 2/3 space. Strive for simplicity and avoid symmetry.
6. Study and copy the work of the masters.
The “Four Treasures” are the artist’s materials:
2. Ink stick
The subject was always nature:
Bamboo, flowers, birds, fish, or landscapes… If a human element was added, it would be simple and not dominate the scene.
You will need:
- 9×12 white construction paper
- #10 watercolor brush (or bamboo brush)
- Prang OVL8 watercolor set(or ink stone and ink stick)
- Red marker (fine point) and small circle or square template
1. Begin with the bamboo. With your paper in the vertical position, use the side of your brush to paint 3 bamboo stems on the left side of your paper, working from bottom to top, leaving a space between each bamboo section. Stagger the height of the spaces – don’t line them up! Any white space that appears on your bamboo stalks is actually desirable, so resist the urge to paint back over it!
2. Add the nodes next. Make them darker, and with a slight curve.
3. Add branches from the nodes with an upward stroke. (Add only two branches per node, alternating from the left to right sides of the nodes. Or, you may add “bunches” of branches… but you need to choose one style or the other, don’t mix them both together!)
4. Add leaves (in sets of 2 or 3 leaves per branch) using a downward tapering stroke. Let them overlap!
5. Title your painting vertically.
6. Add your initials (this is called your “chop”) at the bottom of your title (or just to the lower left of it) in red, using a circle or square template.
After students have completed their paintings, encourage them to discuss the differences between copying to perfect a technique vs. self-expression. Ask your students which method they prefer and why…. their answers may surprise you!